2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
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理事長 President:Taina A.R. Woodward
  trokotui@gmail.com
  website
 
       
  (國家基本介紹)
美利堅合眾國(英語:The United States of America、The United States,簡稱:America,縮寫:USA、The US),簡稱美國,是由50個州和華盛頓哥倫比亞特區組成的聯邦共和立憲制國家。美國本土位於北美洲中部,東臨大西洋,西臨太平洋,北面是加拿大,南部和墨西哥及墨西哥灣接壤。除阿拉斯加州和夏威夷州之外,48個州都位於美國本土。阿拉斯加州位於北美大陸西北方,東部為加拿大,西面和俄羅斯隔著白令海峽。夏威夷州則是太平洋中部的群島。此外,美國在加勒比海和太平洋還擁有多處領土和島嶼地區。

 
   
  美國目前有50個州、一個聯邦直轄特區及若干境外領土,國土面積約962.9萬平方公里(其中陸地面積915.8960萬平方公里,內陸水域面積約20萬平方公里,五大湖中美國主權部分約17萬平方公里,河口、港灣、內海等沿海水域面積約10萬平方公里),位居世界第四或第三名(依水域面積定義而有差異)。美國人口約為3.1億人,其數量為世界第三。是個多元文化和多元民族的國家,以白人為主,但有大量移民。

 
   
  The United States of America (USA or U.S.A.), commonly referred to as the United States (US or U.S.), America, and sometimes the States, is a federal republic consisting of 50 states and a federal district. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C., are in central North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is the northwestern part of North America and the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also has five populated and nine unpopulated territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean. At 3.71 million square miles (9.62 million km2) and with around 318 million people, the United States is the world's third or fourth-largest country by total area and third-largest by population. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries.[18] The geography and climate of the United States is also extremely diverse, and it is home to a wide variety of wildlife.

Paleo-Indians migrated from Eurasia to what is now the U.S. mainland around 15,000 years ago, with European colonization beginning in the 16th century. The United States emerged from 13 British colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard. Disputes between Great Britain and these colonies led to the American Revolution. On July 4, 1776, as the colonies were fighting Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, delegates from the 13 colonies unanimously issued the Declaration of Independence. The war ended in 1783 with the recognition of independence of the United States from the Kingdom of Great Britain, and was the first successful war of independence against a European colonial empire The current Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787. The first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and guarantee many fundamental civil rights and freedoms.