2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
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理事長 President:Regina Chen
  hfchen7969@gmail.com
  website
 
       
  (國家基本介紹)
臺灣是位於亞洲東部、太平洋西北側的島嶼,另有寶島、鯤島、福爾摩沙等別稱。地處琉球群島與菲律賓群島之間,西隔臺灣海峽與歐亞大陸相望;面積約3.6萬平方公里,其中7成為山地與丘陵,平原則主要集中於西部沿海,地形海拔變化大。由於地處熱帶及亞熱帶氣候區之交界,自然景觀與生態系資源相當豐富而多元。

 
   
 

臺灣自古為原住民族世居之地,至17世紀中葉其他族群及文化進入後,始有國家政權的出現記載,歷史上曾經歷多次遞嬗,最近一次為1945年納入中華民國領土。中華民國政府於1949年12月中因國共內戰失利播遷臺灣,使臺灣自1950年起成為中華民國的主要國土並延續迄今,因而「臺灣」一詞成為中華民國目前在國際上的主要代稱。

 
   
  Taiwan , is a state in East Asia. The Republic of China, originally based in mainland China, now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory,[f] as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the seat of the central government.[2] New Taipei, encompassing the metropolitan area surrounding Taipei proper, is the most populous city.

The island of Taiwan (formerly known as "Formosa") was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines until the Dutch and Spanish settlement during the Age of Discovery in the 17th century, when Han Chinese people began immigrating to the island. In 1662, the pro-Ming loyalist Koxinga expelled the Dutch and established the first Han Chinese polity to rule on the island, the Kingdom of Tungning. The Qing Dynasty of China later conquered Taiwan in 1683. By the time Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895, the majority of Taiwan's inhabitants were Han Chinese either by ancestry or by assimilation. The Republic of China (ROC) was established in China in 1912. At the end of World War II in 1945, Japan surrendered Taiwan to ROC military forces on behalf of the Allies. Following the Chinese civil war, the Communist Party of China took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. The ROC relocated its government to Taiwan, and its jurisdiction became limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands. In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations, which the ROC originally occupied. International recognition of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. Only 21 UN member states and the Holy See currently maintain formal diplomatic relations with the ROC, though it has informal ties with most other states via its representative offices.