2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
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理事長 President:Sunghee Kim
  s694@korea.ac.kr
  website
 
       
  (國家基本介紹)
大韓民國(韓語:대한민국/大韓民國 Daehanminguk)是位於東亞朝鮮半島南部的民主共和國,簡稱韓國(한국/韓國)、或因地理位置另稱為南韓(남한/南韓),首都為首爾。韓國三面環海,西南瀕臨黃海(韓國又稱「西海」),東南是朝鮮海峽,東邊是日本海(韓國又稱「東海」),北面隔著三八線南北韓非軍事區與朝鮮民主主義人民共和國相鄰,總面積9.96萬平方公里(占朝鮮半島總面積的4/9),人口約5,000萬。
 
   
 

韓國是20國集團和經合組織(OECD)成員之一,亞太經合組織(APEC)和東亞峰會的創始國,亦是亞洲四小龍和未來11國之一。自20世紀60年代以來,韓國政府實行了「出口主導型」開發經濟戰略,推動了韓國經濟的飛速發展,締造了舉世矚目的「漢江奇蹟」。目前韓國國內生產總值按國際匯率計算在世界排名第15,按相對購買力指標計算世界排名第12,人均國內生產總值超2萬美元,名列世界銀行、國際貨幣基金組織和美國中央情報局《世界概況》已開發國家名錄。

 
   
  South Korea officially the Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is derived from Goryeo (also spelt Koryo), a dynasty which ruled in the Middle Ages. It shares land borders with North Korea to the north, and oversea borders with China to the west and Japan to the east. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone with a predominantly mountainous terrain. Roughly half of the country's 50 million people reside in the metropolitan area surrounding its capital, the Seoul Capital Area, which is the second largest in the world with over 25 million residents.

Korea was inhabited as early as the Lower Paleolithic period and its civilization begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BC. After the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea in 668, Korea enjoyed over a millennium of relative tranquility under dynasties lasting for centuries in which its trade, culture, literature, science and technology flourished. It became part of the Japanese Empire in 1910 and after its defeat in 1945, Korea was divided into Soviet and U.S. zones of occupation, with the latter becoming the Republic of Korea in 1948. Although the United Nations passed a resolution declaring the Republic to be the only lawful government of Korea, a communist regime was soon set up in the North that invaded the South in 1950, leading to the Korean War that ended de facto in 1953, with peace and prosperity settling-in thereafter.