2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
  首頁  | 大事記
 
   美屬薩摩亞
    American Samoa
   澳大利亞
    Australia
   庫克群島
    Cook Islands
   斐濟
    Fiji
   夏威夷
    Hawaii
   印度
    India
   印尼
    Indonesia
   日本
    Japan
   馬來西亞
    Malaysia
  紐西蘭
   New Zealand
   紐埃島
    Niue
   巴基斯坦
    Pakistan
   巴布新幾內亞
    Papua New Guinea
   菲律賓
    Philippines
   韓國
    Republic of Korea
   薩摩亞
    Samoa
   斯里蘭卡
    Sri Lanka
   台灣
    Taiwan
   泰國
    Thailand
   東加
    Tonga
   美國
    United States of America
   海參崴
    Vladivostok(Russia)
 
回上頁  

 

理事長 President:Beryl Vincent
  bevin@clear.net.nz
  website
 
       
  (國家基本介紹)
紐西蘭(英語:New Zealand),舊譯鳥施崙;毛利語音譯「奧特亞羅瓦」(Aotearoa,意為「長白雲之鄉」)、又譯新西蘭,位於太平洋西南部,是個島嶼國家,距離澳大利亞東海岸約1,600海里。紐西蘭氣候宜人、環境清新、風景優美、旅遊勝地遍布、森林資源豐富、地表景觀富變化,生活水平排名聯合國人類發展指數第6位。紐西蘭兩大島嶼以庫克海峽分隔,南島鄰近南極洲,北島與斐濟及東加相望。紐西蘭人自稱Kiwi。
 
   
 

New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses – that of the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu – and numerous smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

Polynesians settled New Zealand in 1250–1300 CE and developed a distinctive Māori culture. Abel Tasman, a Dutch explorer, was the first European to sight New Zealand in 1642 CE. In 1840, the British Crown and Māori signed the Treaty of Waitangi, making New Zealand a British colony. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.5 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is mainly derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. The official languages are English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language, with English predominant. The country's economy was historically dominated by the export of wool, but exports of dairy products, meat, and wine, along with tourism, are more significant today.