2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
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理事長 President:Rahmah Abdul Hamid
  yteow@rahmadin.com
  FACEBOOKwebsite
 
       
  (國家基本介紹)
馬來西亞(馬來語:Malaysia),舊稱為馬來亞聯邦,部分人俗稱大馬。 位於東南亞,是一個由馬來半島十一州及位於婆羅州北部沙巴、砂拉越兩州所組成的聯邦制國家,另有三個聯邦直轄區(吉隆坡、布城及納閩),全國面積共329,845平方公里。馬來西亞共分為東西兩大部分,之間有南海相隔著:西半部位於馬來半島,常稱為「西馬」,北接泰國,南部隔著柔佛海峽,以新柔長堤和第二通道與新加坡和印尼廖內群島接壤;東半部常被稱為「東馬」,位於婆羅洲島上的北部,南鄰印度尼西亞的加里曼丹,而汶萊國則地處納閩、沙巴和砂拉越之間。由於馬來西亞的地理位置接近赤道,其氣候屬於亞洲熱帶型雨林氣候。首都吉隆坡,聯邦政府所在地則位於布城。全國人口超過2900萬。
 
   
 

馬來西亞西馬的法定宗教雖為伊斯蘭教,但國民於憲法下享有宗教自由;種族方面,馬來西亞由馬來人、華人、印度人、伊班人、卡達山人、峇峇娘惹及其他殖民時期留下的英國人、葡萄牙人和荷蘭人等歐洲後裔共同組成。

馬來西亞的國家元首稱為最高元首,而政府由國會最大黨或聯盟領袖的首相所領導,政治體制是沿襲自英國的西敏寺制度。外交方面,馬來西亞是聯合國的一分子,也是環印度洋區域合作聯盟、亞洲太平洋經濟合作組織、大英國協、不結盟運動和伊斯蘭會議組織的成員國,同時也是東南亞國協的創立國之一。主要參與的軍事行動有五國聯合防衛和聯合國維和行動。

 
   
  Malaysia ( i located in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres (127,350 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. In 2010 the population was 28.33 million, with 22.6 million living in Peninsular Malaysia. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia, located in the tropics. It is one of 17 megadiverse countries on earth, with large numbers of endemic species.

Malaysia has its origins in the Malay Kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire. The first British territories were known as the Straits Settlements, whose establishment was followed by the Malay kingdoms becoming British protectorates. The territories on Peninsular Malaysia were first unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaya united with North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963, with si being added to give the new country the name Malaysia. Less than two years later in 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation.