2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
2017年防制人口販運國際工作坊
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理事長 President:Jean Bennett
  jeanisabel@hotmail.com
  website
 
       
  (國家基本介紹)
澳大利亞聯邦(英語:Commonwealth of Australia,通稱Australia;縮寫:AU、AUS),簡稱澳大利亞、澳洲,是全球面積第六大的國家,大洋洲最大的國家和南半球第二大的國家,僅次於巴西。澳洲國土包括澳洲大陸,塔斯曼尼亞島以及數個海外的島嶼,面積和美國本土相似,是世界上唯一一個國土覆蓋整個大陸的國家。與其隔海相望的東南近鄰是紐西蘭,西北是印度尼西亞,北邊是巴布亞紐幾內亞、西巴布亞及東帝汶。

 
   
 

澳大利亞一詞源於拉丁語,意思為「未知的南方大陸」(terra australis incognita)。其所在的地理學位置通常稱作澳洲大陸,是地球上最小的大陸板塊。澳洲人平均擁有國土面積是世界最廣闊的國家之一,有多樣的自然景觀,包括熱帶雨林、別稱為「紅色中心」的沙漠、吸引很多旅客的海濱及馳名遐邇的自然遺產大堡礁及烏魯汝,澳洲和美國是並列擁有世界自然遺產最多的國家。經濟成就亦屬世界高度發達國家。澳洲是全球第12大經濟體,人均國民生產總值排名世界第5,並被瑞士信貸集團列為世界財富中值最高的國家。澳洲的軍事支出排名世界第13。並在多項指數與排名例如生活質素,健康,教育,經濟自由度,公民自由度與政治權利中名列前茅。澳洲積極參與國際事務,是聯合國、20國集團、大英國協、太平洋安全保障條約、經濟合作與發展組織、亞太經合組織及太平洋島國論壇的成員。

 
   
Australia officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

For at least 40,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups. After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five self-governing Crown Colonies were established.

On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The federation comprises six states and several territories. The population of 23.1 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated in the eastern states.

Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy. In 2012 Australia had the world's fifth-highest per capita income, Australia's military expenditure is the world's 13th-largest. With the second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum.